As a consequence of the depletion of fossil fuels and an increasing population, the global energy crisis has driven researchers to explore innovative energy storage and conversion (ESC) devices, such as fuel cells, electrolyzers and chemical looping systems. In order to enhance the energy conversion efficiency of these electrochemical devices, high performance and stable electrocatalysts are essential to accelerate the sluggish electrochemical kinetics, e.g. oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), oxygen evolution reaction (OER), hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and redox reaction. In recent years, as cost-effective and high-efficient catalysts, perovskite oxides have attracted much attention. In addition, the potential of perovskite electrocatalysts may be further boosted due to their flexible composition and tunable electronic structures. This review provides the readers with a comprehensive understanding and updated information of improvements towards the electrocatalytic performances of perovskite oxides. It will focus on research papers regarding low to intermediate temperature electrochemical devices, e.g., water splitting, fuel cells, chemical looping technology and three-way catalysis (TWC) published over the last five years. Various design strategies for optimizing the conductivity and catalytic activity of perovskite are discussed in detail. In the end, this review discusses challenges for the future researches in regard to perovskite based electrocatalysts.
- Electrochemical devices