Recent advances in the determination of G protein-coupled receptor structures

David M Thal, Ziva Vuckovic, Christopher J Draper-Joyce, Yi-Lynn Liang, Alisa Glukhova, Arthur Christopoulos, Patrick M Sexton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the largest superfamily of cell surface receptor proteins and are important drug targets for many human diseases. In the last decade, remarkable progress has been made in the determination of atomic structures of GPCRs with over 200 structures from 53 unique receptors having been solved. Technological advances in protein engineering and X-ray crystallography have driven much of the progress to date. However, recent advances in cryo-electron microscopy have facilitated the structural determination of three new structures of active-state GPCRs in complex with heterotrimeric G protein. These advances have led to significant breakthroughs in our understanding of GPCR biology including not only how signal transducers such as G proteins or arrestins interact with receptors, but also pave the way for future structure-based drug design.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-34
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Opinion in Structural Biology
Volume51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

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