Ray sum image: its efficacy in renal tract calculus detection

S. Deb, Z. Lu, A. Kuganesan, K. K. Lau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


AIM: To determine the efficacy of a ray sum image derived from computed tomography of the kidneys, ureters and bladder (CT KUB) in detecting renal tract calculi and whether this can replace the baseline abdominal radiograph (AXR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study performed at a tertiary referral centre examining adult patients referred for urolithiasis who had undergone AXR within 24 hours of the diagnostic CT KUB. AXR and ray sum image for calculus visibility were reviewed blindly by two readers. Anteroposterior thickness of the patient, presence of excess gas/faecal material, calculus size, location, and mean attenuation were analysed to determine effect on the AXR and ray sum sensitivity. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-two calculi were examined with ray sum image sensitivity of 44% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 36–52) and AXR 30% (95% CI: 22–38). Calculus size and mean attenuation significantly affected sensitivities of both ray sum and AXR. There was substantial agreement between the two techniques with κ(Kappa)=0.70 (95% CI: 0.58–0.81, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Ray sum image as a post-processed image derived from CT KUB dataset may be a viable alternative to the baseline AXR in patients with CT proven urolithiasis. This would reduce patient radiation dose and streamline workflow in busy radiology and emergency departments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)650.e7-650.e12
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Radiology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

Cite this