Rates of speciation and morphological evolution are correlated across the largest vertebrate radiation

Daniel L. Rabosky, Francesco Santini, Jonathan Eastman, Stephen A. Smith, Brian Sidlauskas, Jonathan Chang, Michael E. Alfaro

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321 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several evolutionary theories predict that rates of morphological change should be positively associated with the rate at which new species arise. For example, the theory of punctuated equilibrium proposes that phenotypic change typically occurs in rapid bursts associated with speciation events. However, recent phylogenetic studies have found little evidence linking these processes in nature. Here we demonstrate that rates of species diversification are highly correlated with the rate of body size evolution across the 30,000+ living species of ray-finned fishes that comprise the majority of vertebrate biological diversity. This coupling is a general feature of fish evolution and transcends vast differences in ecology and body-plan organization. Our results may reflect a widespread speciational mode of character change in living fishes. Alternatively, these findings are consistent with the hypothesis that phenotypic 'evolvability' - the capacity of organisms to evolve - shapes the dynamics of speciation through time at the largest phylogenetic scales.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1958
Number of pages8
JournalNature Communications
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Rabosky, D. L., Santini, F., Eastman, J., Smith, S. A., Sidlauskas, B., Chang, J., & Alfaro, M. E. (2013). Rates of speciation and morphological evolution are correlated across the largest vertebrate radiation. Nature Communications, 4, [1958]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms2958