Rare earth element abundances in presolar SiC

T.R. Ireland, J. N. Ávila, M. Lugaro, S. Cristallo, P. Holden, P. Lanc, Larry R Nittler, C. M.O.D. Alexander, Frank Gyngard, Sachiko Amari

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Abstract

Individual isotope abundances of Ba, lanthanides of the rare earth element (REE) group, and Hf have been determined in bulk samples of fine-grained silicon carbide (SiC) from the Murchison CM2 chondrite. The analytical protocol involved secondary ion mass spectrometry with combined high mass resolution and energy filtering to exclude REE oxide isobars and Si-C-O clusters from the peaks of interest. Relative sensitivity factors were determined through analysis of NIST SRM reference glasses (610 and 612) as well as a trace-element enriched SiC ceramic. When normalised to chondrite abundances, the presolar SiC REE pattern shows significant deficits at Eu and Yb, which are the most volatile of the REE. The pattern is very similar to that observed for Group III refractory inclusions. The SiC abundances were also normalised to s-process model predictions for the envelope compositions of low-mass (1.5-3 M) AGB stars with close-to-solar metallicities (Z =0.014 and 0.02). The overall trace element abundances (excluding Eu and Yb) appear consistent with the predicted s-process patterns. The depletions of Eu and Yb suggest that these elements remained in the gas phase during the condensation of SiC. The lack of depletion in some other moderately refractory elements (like Ba), and the presence of volatile elements (e.g. Xe) indicates that these elements were incorporated into SiC by other mechanisms, most likely ion implantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-218
Number of pages9
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume221
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

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