Random dynamic analysis of a train-bridge coupled system involving random system parameters based on probability density evolution method

Jianfeng Mao, Zhiwu Yu, Yuanjie Xiao, Cheng Jin, Yu Bai

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58 Citations (Scopus)


The development of high-speed railway has made it important to clarify the influence of random system parameters (i.e. vehicle load, elastic modulus, damping ratio, and mass density of bridge) on train-bridge dynamic interactions. The probability density evolution method (PDEM), a newly developed theory which is applicable to train-bridge systems, can capture instantaneous probability density functions of dynamic responses. In this study, PDEM is employed to implement random dynamic analysis of a 3D train-bridge system subjected to random system parameters. The number theory method (NTM) is employed to choose the representative point sets of random parameters, whose initial probability distribution is divided by Voronoi cells., MATLAB® software is prepared for calculation, the Newmark-β integration method and the bilateral difference method of TVD (total variation diminishing) are adopted for solution. A case study is presented in which the train travels on a three-span simply supported high-speed railway bridge. The calculation accuracy and computational efficiency of the PDEM has been verified and some conclusions are provided. Furthermore, the influence of train speed under various combinations of random parameters is beyond discuss. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-61
Number of pages14
JournalProbabilistic Engineering Mechanics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016


  • Number theory method
  • Probability density evolution method
  • Random system parameters
  • Train-bridge coupled system

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