Radio observations of the merging galaxy cluster system Abell 3391-Abell 3395

M. Brüggen, T. H. Reiprich, E. Bulbul, B. S. Koribalski, H. Andernach, L. Rudnick, D. N. Hoang, A. G. Wilber, S. W. Duchesne, A. Veronica, F. Pacaud, A. M. Hopkins, R. P. Norris, M. Johnston-Hollitt, M. J.I. Brown, A. Bonafede, G. Brunetti, J. D. Collier, J. S. Sanders, E. VardoulakiT. Venturi, A. D. Kapinska, J. Marvil

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Abstract

The pre-merging system of galaxy clusters Abell 3391-Abell 3395 located at a mean redshift of 0.053 has been observed at 1 GHz in an ASKAP/EMU Early Science observation as well as in X-rays with eROSITA. The projected separation of the X-ray peaks of the two clusters is 50′ or 3.1 Mpc. Here we present an inventory of interesting radio sources in this field around this cluster merger. While the eROSITA observations provide clear indications of a bridge of thermal gas between the clusters, neither ASKAP nor MWA observations show any diffuse radio emission coinciding with the X-ray bridge. We derive an upper limit on the radio emissivity in the bridge region of (J)1 GHz < 1.2 × 10-44 W Hz-1 m-3. A non-detection of diffuse radio emission in the X-ray bridge between these two clusters has implications for particle-Acceleration mechanisms in cosmological large-scale structure. We also report extended or otherwise noteworthy radio sources in the 30 deg2 field around Abell 3391-Abell 3395. We identified 20 Giant Radio Galaxies, plus 7 candidates, with linear projected sizes greater than 1 Mpc. The sky density of field radio galaxies with largest linear sizes of >0.7 Mpc is ≈1.7 deg-2, three times higher than previously reported. We find no evidence for a cosmological evolution of the population of Giant Radio Galaxies. Moreover, we find seven candidates for cluster radio relics and radio halos.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA3
Number of pages16
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Volume647
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium
  • Radio continuum: galaxies
  • X-rays: galaxies: clusters

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