Race, regeneration and the challenge to Spanish ideological imperialism in Jose Maria Albinana Sanz's Bajo el cielo mejicano

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Unacknowledged in contemporary literary histories, militant Spanish nationalist, medical doctor and founder of the Spanish Nationalist Party in 1930, Jose Maria Albinana Sanz, published a travel narrative that same year, Bajo el cielo mejicano, after living in Mexico from 1921 to 1927. There, his goal to proclaim the cultural ties that united Mexico and Spain became a confrontational promotion of Spain s superiority based on his appeals to science to explain racial worth. This article examines this text in light of Mexico's disdain for its Spanish heritage during a period of Hispanophobia, when the doctrine of mestizaje and supporters of Indianism were proclaiming alternatives to Mexico s Peninsular links. In Albinana Sanz's writing, as neither praise for Spain's esteem nor faith in the uniformity of ethnicity in Mexico is forthcoming, envisioning a Spanish-Mexican fraternal culture becomes inconceivable. Consequently, renewed imperial desires and a discourse of dominance overawe the writer's self-stated conciliatory purpose in travelling to Mexico.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)374 - 388
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Iberian and Latin American Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • ideological imperialism
  • mestizaje
  • Mexico
  • national regeneration
  • race

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