Quantitative microstructural characterisation of Portland cement‑carbon nanotube composites using electron and x-ray microscopy

Alastair J.N. MacLeod, Frank G. Collins, Wenhui Duan, Will P. Gates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Cementitious composites incorporating well-dispersed carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have demonstrated significant mechanical performance enhancements, however, there has only been limited investigation into the nanocomposite microstructure and pore structure. In this study, the effects of (i) CNT dispersion with and without the assistance of a dispersant, (ii) CNT dose at 0.05–0.25 wt% of cement, and (iii) CNT dispersion quality upon the composite microstructure after 7- and 28-days' hydration were investigated using quantitative image analysis of backscattered electron microscopy and X-ray computed microtomographic datasets. Results show that dispersed CNTs promoted the formation of low- and higher-density hydration products within 7 days of hydration and reduced the pore size distribution by 28 days, although 3D X-ray results showed some large CNT agglomerations formed in the nanocomposite. Further, poorly-dispersed CNTs increased the 28-day pore size distribution, but had a beneficial effect, similar to well-dispersed CNTs, upon the microstructural composition of the hydrated phases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105767
Number of pages14
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Volume123
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019

Keywords

  • Backscattered electron imaging (B)
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Composite (E)
  • Image analysis (B)
  • Microstructure (B)

Cite this

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title = "Quantitative microstructural characterisation of Portland cement‑carbon nanotube composites using electron and x-ray microscopy",
abstract = "Cementitious composites incorporating well-dispersed carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have demonstrated significant mechanical performance enhancements, however, there has only been limited investigation into the nanocomposite microstructure and pore structure. In this study, the effects of (i) CNT dispersion with and without the assistance of a dispersant, (ii) CNT dose at 0.05–0.25 wt{\%} of cement, and (iii) CNT dispersion quality upon the composite microstructure after 7- and 28-days' hydration were investigated using quantitative image analysis of backscattered electron microscopy and X-ray computed microtomographic datasets. Results show that dispersed CNTs promoted the formation of low- and higher-density hydration products within 7 days of hydration and reduced the pore size distribution by 28 days, although 3D X-ray results showed some large CNT agglomerations formed in the nanocomposite. Further, poorly-dispersed CNTs increased the 28-day pore size distribution, but had a beneficial effect, similar to well-dispersed CNTs, upon the microstructural composition of the hydrated phases.",
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Quantitative microstructural characterisation of Portland cement‑carbon nanotube composites using electron and x-ray microscopy. / MacLeod, Alastair J.N.; Collins, Frank G.; Duan, Wenhui; Gates, Will P.

In: Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 123, 105767, 01.09.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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