Quantification of heterogeneity in lung disease with image-based pulmonary function testing

Charlene S. Stahr, Rajeev Samarage, Martin Donnelley, Nigel R Farrow, Kaye Morgan, Graeme Zosky, Richard C Boucher, Karen Siu, Marcus A. Mall, David W. Parsons, Stephen Dubsky, Andreas Fouras

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Computed tomography (CT) and spirometry are the mainstays of clinical pulmonary assessment. Spirometry is effort dependent and only provides a single global measure that is insensitive for regional disease, and as such, poor for capturing the early onset of lung disease, especially patchy disease such as cystic fibrosis lung disease. CT sensitively measures change in structure associated with advanced lung disease. However, obstructions in the peripheral airways and early onset of lung stiffening are often difficult to detect. Furthermore, CT imaging poses a radiation risk, particularly for young children, and dose reduction tends to result in reduced resolution. Here, we apply a series of lung tissue motion analyses, to achieve regional pulmonary function assessment in β-ENaC-overexpressing mice, a well-established model of lung disease. The expiratory time constants of regional airflows in the segmented airway tree were quantified as a measure of regional lung function. Our results showed marked heterogeneous lung function in β-ENaC-Tg mice compared to wild-type littermate controls; identified locations of airway obstruction, and quantified regions of bimodal airway resistance demonstrating lung compensation. These results demonstrate the applicability of regional lung function derived from lung motion as an effective alternative respiratory diagnostic tool.

Original languageEnglish
Article number29438
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jul 2016

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