Quality of life and mood in children with cystic fibrosis

Associations with sleep quality

Moya Vandeleur, Lisa M. Walter, David S. Armstrong, Philip Robinson, Gillian M. Nixon, Rosemary S.C. Horne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: We aimed to investigate the relationship between sleep quality, mood and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children with CF and controls. Methods: Children (7-12. years) and adolescents (13-18. years) with CF and controls completed sleep evaluation: overnight oximetry and 14. days of actigraphy. Age-appropriate questionnaires assessed mood (Children's Depression Inventory; CDI or Beck's Depression Inventory), HRQOL (CF Questionnaire-Revised; CFQ-R or PedsQL), and sleepiness (Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale). Results: 87 CF and 55 controls recruited. Children with CF had poorer sleep quality, more sleepiness and lower mood than controls, with a negative correlation between mood score and sleep efficiency. Sleepiness score was predictive of mood score and multiple CFQ-R domains. Adolescents with CF also demonstrated poorer sleep and more sleepiness than controls, but no difference in mood. Reduced sleep quality predicted lower CFQ-R scores. No correlation between sleep, mood or HRQOL in controls. Conclusions: In children and adolescents with CF, impaired sleep quality is associated with lower mood and HRQOL in an age-specific manner. Future research will aid understanding of effective strategies for prevention and treatment of mood disorders and sleep disturbance in children with CF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)811-820
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cystic Fibrosis
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018

Keywords

  • Children
  • Mood
  • Quality of life
  • Sleep

Cite this

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title = "Quality of life and mood in children with cystic fibrosis: Associations with sleep quality",
abstract = "Background: We aimed to investigate the relationship between sleep quality, mood and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children with CF and controls. Methods: Children (7-12. years) and adolescents (13-18. years) with CF and controls completed sleep evaluation: overnight oximetry and 14. days of actigraphy. Age-appropriate questionnaires assessed mood (Children's Depression Inventory; CDI or Beck's Depression Inventory), HRQOL (CF Questionnaire-Revised; CFQ-R or PedsQL), and sleepiness (Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale). Results: 87 CF and 55 controls recruited. Children with CF had poorer sleep quality, more sleepiness and lower mood than controls, with a negative correlation between mood score and sleep efficiency. Sleepiness score was predictive of mood score and multiple CFQ-R domains. Adolescents with CF also demonstrated poorer sleep and more sleepiness than controls, but no difference in mood. Reduced sleep quality predicted lower CFQ-R scores. No correlation between sleep, mood or HRQOL in controls. Conclusions: In children and adolescents with CF, impaired sleep quality is associated with lower mood and HRQOL in an age-specific manner. Future research will aid understanding of effective strategies for prevention and treatment of mood disorders and sleep disturbance in children with CF.",
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Quality of life and mood in children with cystic fibrosis : Associations with sleep quality. / Vandeleur, Moya; Walter, Lisa M.; Armstrong, David S.; Robinson, Philip; Nixon, Gillian M.; Horne, Rosemary S.C.

In: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, Vol. 17, No. 6, 11.2018, p. 811-820.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Quality of life and mood in children with cystic fibrosis

T2 - Associations with sleep quality

AU - Vandeleur, Moya

AU - Walter, Lisa M.

AU - Armstrong, David S.

AU - Robinson, Philip

AU - Nixon, Gillian M.

AU - Horne, Rosemary S.C.

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N2 - Background: We aimed to investigate the relationship between sleep quality, mood and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children with CF and controls. Methods: Children (7-12. years) and adolescents (13-18. years) with CF and controls completed sleep evaluation: overnight oximetry and 14. days of actigraphy. Age-appropriate questionnaires assessed mood (Children's Depression Inventory; CDI or Beck's Depression Inventory), HRQOL (CF Questionnaire-Revised; CFQ-R or PedsQL), and sleepiness (Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale). Results: 87 CF and 55 controls recruited. Children with CF had poorer sleep quality, more sleepiness and lower mood than controls, with a negative correlation between mood score and sleep efficiency. Sleepiness score was predictive of mood score and multiple CFQ-R domains. Adolescents with CF also demonstrated poorer sleep and more sleepiness than controls, but no difference in mood. Reduced sleep quality predicted lower CFQ-R scores. No correlation between sleep, mood or HRQOL in controls. Conclusions: In children and adolescents with CF, impaired sleep quality is associated with lower mood and HRQOL in an age-specific manner. Future research will aid understanding of effective strategies for prevention and treatment of mood disorders and sleep disturbance in children with CF.

AB - Background: We aimed to investigate the relationship between sleep quality, mood and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in children with CF and controls. Methods: Children (7-12. years) and adolescents (13-18. years) with CF and controls completed sleep evaluation: overnight oximetry and 14. days of actigraphy. Age-appropriate questionnaires assessed mood (Children's Depression Inventory; CDI or Beck's Depression Inventory), HRQOL (CF Questionnaire-Revised; CFQ-R or PedsQL), and sleepiness (Pediatric Daytime Sleepiness Scale). Results: 87 CF and 55 controls recruited. Children with CF had poorer sleep quality, more sleepiness and lower mood than controls, with a negative correlation between mood score and sleep efficiency. Sleepiness score was predictive of mood score and multiple CFQ-R domains. Adolescents with CF also demonstrated poorer sleep and more sleepiness than controls, but no difference in mood. Reduced sleep quality predicted lower CFQ-R scores. No correlation between sleep, mood or HRQOL in controls. Conclusions: In children and adolescents with CF, impaired sleep quality is associated with lower mood and HRQOL in an age-specific manner. Future research will aid understanding of effective strategies for prevention and treatment of mood disorders and sleep disturbance in children with CF.

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