Carlo R. Carere, Matthew B. Stott, Christopher Andrew Greening, Xochitl C Morgan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEncyclopaedia / Dictionary EntryOtherpeer-review


The genus Pyrinomonas is represented by a single species, Pyrinomonas methylaliphatogenes. Cells are nonmotile, non‐spore‐forming rods. Gram‐negative, catalase‐ and oxidase‐positive. Cells divide by binary fission. Thermophilic and moderately acidophilic. Obligately aerobic and chemoheterotrophic. Growth on a limited selection of peptides, saccharides, and organic acids. Hydrogen is oxidized to subatmospheric concentrations when cells are carbon‐limited. The principal fatty acids are iso‐C15:0, iso‐C17:0, iso‐C19:0, and iso‐C21:0. Transmembrane and ether‐linked lipids, including iso‐diabolic acid and the glyceryl ethers of iso‐C15:0 and iso‐diabolic acid, comprise up to 40% of cell lipid extract. Primary cellular lipids are phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine. MK‐8 is the primary respiratory quinone and G + C content of 59.36 mol%. Members of the class Blastocatellia, family Pyrinomonadaceae. The type strain was isolated from geothermally heated soils in New Zealand.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBergey's Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria
Place of PublicationUSA
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781118960608
Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 2018

Cite this