Pyramid-shaped PEG-PCL-PEG Polymeric-based model systems for site-specific drug delivery of vancomycin with enhance antibacterial efficacy

Sima Singh, Majed M. Alrobaian, Nagashekhara Molugulu, Nikhil Agrawal, Arshid Numan, Prashant Kesharwani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Antibacterial resistance remains a major global problem due to frequent prescriptions, leading to significant toxicities. To overcome the limitations of antibiotic therapy, it is highly desirable to provide site-specific delivery of drugs with controlled release. Inspired by the biocompatible, biodegradable, and site-specific mimicking behavior of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and poly(caprolactone) (PCL), we developed vancomycin-PEG-PCL-PEG conjugates to maximize the pharmacological effects and minimize the side effects. Drug-loaded vancomycin-PEG-PCL-PEG conjugates are influenced by size, shape, surface area, encapsulation efficiency, in vitro drug release, hemolysis assay, cytotoxicity, and antibacterial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and bacterial kill kinetics. The results demonstrated that vancomycin (VCM) release from PEG-PCL-PEG triblock revealed a biphasic manner. Hemolysis assay showed the nonprescription nature of VCM-PEG-PCL-PEG. Cytotoxicity studies confirmed the biocompatibility of VCM-PEG-PCL-PEG. The in vitro antibacterial results showed enhance activity with minimum inhibitory concentration compared to bare VCM. Molecular dynamics simulation study revealed that binding between VCM and PEG-PCL-PEG by hydrophobic interactions offers molecular encapsulation and steric barrier to drug degradation. This newly developed therapeutic delivery system can offer to enhance activity and delivery VCM against MRSA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11935-11945
Number of pages11
JournalACS Omega
Volume5
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jun 2020

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