Putting the pieces together: reviewing the structural conceptualization of motivation within SDT

Joshua L. Howard, Marylene Gagné, Alexandre J. S. Morin

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Self-determination theory presents a multi-dimensional approach to human motivation in which motivation is driven by a range of classifiably distinct regulation styles. However, these different regulations are also considered to fall along a continuum of self-determination which implies that a global dimension reflecting the degree of self-determination present is important. The lack of explicit integration between these two aspects in the conceptualization of motivation has recently led to debates and a flux of research on the structure of motivation as defined in self-determination theory. This review comprehensively explores recent advances in this area as well as more classical approaches in order to establish an optimal and empirically supported conceptualization of motivation. A novel solution is proposed, namely a semi-radex structure of motivation, in which types of motivation are predictably ordered by degree of self-determination while also maintaining their unique contribution as distinct factors. Theoretical and practical implications for researchers who use self-determination theory are made.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
JournalMotivation and Emotion
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling (B-ESEM)
  • Continuum
  • Motivation
  • Self-determination theory
  • Semi-radex

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