Pure and mixed gas CH4 and n-C4H10 sorption and dilation in poly(dimethylsiloxane)

Roy D. Raharjo, Benny D. Freeman, Edgar S. Sanders

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Abstract

Pure and mixed gas n-C4H10 and CH4 sorption and dilation properties in poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) are reported at temperatures ranging from -20 to 50 °C. CH4 partial pressures range from 3.1 to 16 atm, and n-C4H10 partial pressures range from 0.07 to 1.3 atm. Based on the mixed gas sorption results, the presence of n-C4H10 in the polymer enhances CH4 solubility. For instance, at 25 °C, a 10% increase in CH4 solubility, from 0.50 (pure gas) to 0.55 cm3 (STP)/(cm3 polymer atm), is observed when the n-C4H10 activity goes from 0 to 0.29. At -20 °C, as n-C4H10 activity increases from 0 to 0.53, CH4 solubility increases by almost 35%, going from 0.77 to 1.03 cm3 (STP)/(cm3 polymer atm). In contrast, n-C4H10 sorption properties in these mixtures are not measurably affected by the presence of CH4. The n-C4H10/CH4 solubility selectivity in PDMS increases as temperature decreases and as n-C4H10 activity in the mixture increases. For example, at 25 °C, the solubility selectivity increases from 52 to 60 as n-C4H10 activity increases from 0.11 to 0.34. At 0 °C, n-C4H10/CH4 solubility selectivity increases from 84 to 105 as n-C4H10 activity increases from 0.09 to 0.33. Pure and mixed gas dilation results are used to calculate partial molar volumes of CH4 and n-C4H10 in the polymer. Dilation isotherms in mixtures agree with estimates based on pure gas sorption and dilation measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-61
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume292
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dilation
  • Methane
  • Mixed gas solubility
  • n-Butane
  • Poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS)

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