Pt(Ni) electrocatalysts for methanol oxidation prepared by galvanic replacement on TiO2 and TiO2-C powder supports

J. Georgieva, E. Valova, I. Mintsouli, S. Sotiropoulos, D. Tatchev, S. Armyanov, A. Hubin, J. Dille, A. Hoell, V. Raghuwanshi, N. Karanasios, L. Malet

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Abstract

Pt(Ni) catalysts were prepared by electroless deposition of Ni on TiO2 and mixed TiO2-C powder supports, followed by partial galvanic replacement of Ni by Pt in a chloroplatinate solution. Pt(Ni)/TiO2 and Pt(Ni)/TiO2-C catalysts were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy-dispersive spectrometry (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and anomalous small-angle X-ray scattering (ASAXS). XPS and ASAXS results showed no detectable alloying between Pt and Ni. In accordance with ASAXS analysis, the size of the Pt particles of the two samples is practically similar (2.1 and 1.5 nm). The electrocatalytic activity of the catalysts towards methanol oxidation and poisonous CO removal was assessed by cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry experiments and compared to commercial Pt/C catalysts. Despite the fact that the specific mass activity of the prepared catalysts is lower than that of the commercial material (as a result of their smaller surface area), both Pt(Ni)/TiO2 and Pt(Ni)/TiO2-C electrodes showed superior intrinsic catalytic activity (per Pt electroactive area) than the Pt/C catalyst. This is attributed to a synergistic effect of TiO2 on facile CO poison removal from Pt sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-74
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Volume754
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electrocatalysis
  • Galvanic replacement
  • Methanol oxidation
  • Platinum
  • Titanium oxide

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