Psychosocial Predictors of Change in Depressive Symptoms Following Gastric Banding Surgery

Kymberlie Preiss, David Clarke, Paul O’Brien, Xochitl de la Piedad Garcia, Annemarie Hindle, Leah Brennan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to identify psychosocial variables associated with the relationship between weight loss and change in depressive symptoms following gastric banding surgery. Methods: Ninety-nine adults completed self-report questionnaires assessing depressive symptoms and other psychosocial variables (self-esteem, body image dissatisfaction, perceived physical health, and perceived weight-based stigmatisation) prior to gastric-band surgery and monthly for 6-month post-surgery. Results: Weight, depressive symptoms, and other psychosocial variables improved significantly 1-month post-surgery and remained lower to 6 months. Weight loss from baseline to 1- and 6-months post-surgery significantly correlated with change in depressive symptoms. Body image dissatisfaction and self-esteem accounted for some of the variance in change in depressive symptoms from baseline to 1-month and baseline to 6-months post-surgery. Conclusions: Depressive symptoms improved significantly and rapidly after bariatric surgery, and body image dissatisfaction and self-esteem predicted change in depressive symptoms. Interventions targeting body image and self-esteem may improve depressive symptoms for those undergoing weight loss interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1578-1586
Number of pages9
JournalObesity Surgery
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Bariatric surgery
  • Depression
  • Gastric banding
  • Obesity
  • Predictors
  • Weight loss

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