Psychological capital: A review and synthesis

Alexander Harry Newman, Deniz F Ucbasaran, Fei Zhu, Giles Hirst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

306 Citations (Scopus)


The concept of psychological capital (PsyCap) has attracted a great deal of interest from both academics and practitioners and has been linked to employee attitudes, behavior and performance at different levels of analysis. Yet, the nature of the concept, its measurement, the factors that influence its development, and when and how it influences individual-level, team-level and organizational-level outcomes are the subject of continued debate in the literature. This article offers a detailed and focused review of the existing literature on PsyCap, with the aim of developing an agenda for future research. In particular, we call for researchers to pay greater attention to possible multi-level applications of PsyCap research, examine the underlying mechanisms by which PsyCap influences individual-level, team-level and organizational-level outcomes, and identify possible factors that may moderate the relationship between PsyCap and its outcomes. In doing this, we provide a roadmap for scholars to progress the development of the field.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S120 - S138
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
Issue numberS1
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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