Proton conductivity of potassium doped barium zirconates

Xiaoxiang Xu, Shanwen Tao, John T S Irvine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Potassium doped barium zirconates have been synthesized by solid state reactions. It was found that the solubility limit of potassium on A-sites is between 5 and 10 . Introducing extra potassium leads to the formation of second phase or YSZ impurities. The water uptake of barium zirconates was increased even with 5 doping of potassium at the A-site. The sintering conditions and conductivity can be improved significantly by adding 1 wt ZnO during material synthesis. The maximum solubility for yttrium at B-sites is around 15 at after introducing 1 wt zinc. The conductivity of Ba(0.95)K(0.05)Zr(0.85) Y(0.11)Zn(0.04)O(3-delta) at 600 degrees C is 2.2 x 10(-3) S/cm in wet 5 H(2). The activation energies for bulk and grain boundary are 0.29(2), 0.79(2)eV in wet 5 H(2) and 0.31(1), 0.74(3)eV in dry 5 H(2). A power density of 7.7 mW/cm(2) at 718 degrees C was observed when a 1 mm thick Ba(0.95)K(0.05)Zr(0.85)Y(0.11)Zn(0.04)O(3-delta) pellet was used as electrolyte and platinum electrodes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93 - 98
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Cite this