Protein-tyrosine phosphatase Shp-1 is a negative regulator of IL-4- and IL-13-dependent signal transduction

S. Jaharul Haque, Phyllis Harbor, Mina Tabrizi, Taolin Yi, Bryan R.G. Williams

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Binding of interleukin (IL)-4 to its transmembrane receptor results in the Jak-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation of a number of protein components of the IL-4 signaling cascade, including Jak1, Jak2, Jak3, Tyk2, IL4Rα, IRS- 1, IRS-2, and Stat6 in appropriate cell types. However, the protein-tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) that dephosphorylate these proteins and terminate signaling remained unidentified. We have noted that IL-4-dependent activation of Stat6 is sustained longer in fibroblasts than in lymphoid cells. Because Shp-1, an SH2 domaincontaining PTP, is expressed primarily in hematopoieric cells, we examined whether Shp-1 activity could regulate IL-4-dependent cell signaling. Expression of an Shp-1 transgene in NIH 3T3 cells markedly reduces both IL-4-dependent Stat6 activation and Stat6-mediated transcription of IL- 4-responsive genes. In accord with this, IL-4 treatment of bone marrow- derived macrophages from viable motheaten mice that express substantially reduced levels of Shp-1 activity show remarkably enhanced activation of Stat6. In addition, Stat6 activation by IL-4 is significantly enhanced in pre-B cells derived from motheaten (Shp-1 null mutant) mice compared with normal pre-B cells derived from control animals. These data clearly implicate Shp-1 in the negative regulation of the IL-4/IL-13-activated Jak-Stat pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33893-33896
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number51
Publication statusPublished - 18 Dec 1998
Externally publishedYes

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