Protein kinase C-? II expression in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma predicts for inferior outcome of anthracycline-based chemotherapy with and without rituximab

Kritika Chaiwatanatorn, Georgia Stamaratis, Kenneth Opeskin, Frank Firkin, Harshal Hanumant Nandurkar

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Protein kinase C-? II (PKC-? II) expression has been reported to indicate inferior prognosis in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with anthracycline-based chemotherapy. This study compared prognostic significance of immunohistochemically determined PKC-? II expression in de novo DLBCL treated with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone CHOP chemotherapy with and without rituximab. Outcomes were assessed in 80 consecutive patients, 48 treated with CHOP, and 32 with rituximab plus CHOP (R-CHOP). PKC-? II expression correlated with inferior overall survival OS and progression-free survival (PFS) in CHOP-treated patients with low-risk International Prognostic Index IPI disease 02 adverse factors, but not in the overall patient group unstratified by IPI. PKC-? II expression correlated with inferior OS and PFS in R-CHOP-treated patients unstratified by IPI status. Immunohistochemically demonstrated PKC-? II expression thus identified patient subgroups where alternative treatment strategies may confer superior outcome. We now report that PKC-? II expression has prognostic significance not only for CHOP therapy in low-risk IPI disease, but also for all patients receiving CHOP plus rituximab.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1666 - 1675
Number of pages10
JournalLeukemia and Lymphoma
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

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