Prostaglandins mediate the fetal pulmonary response to intrauterine inflammation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Intra-amniotic (IA) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces intrauterine and fetal lung inflammation and increases lung surfactant and compliance in preterm sheep; however, the mechanisms are unknown. Prostaglandins (PGs) are inflammatory mediators, and PGE(2) has established roles in fetal lung surfactant production. The aim of our first study was to determine PGE(2) concentrations in response to IA LPS and pulmonary gene expression for PG synthetic [prostaglandin H synthase-2 (PGHS-2) and PGE synthase (PGES)] and PG-metabolizing [prostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH)] enzymes and PGE(2) receptors. Our second study aimed to block LPS-induced increases in PGE(2) with a PGHS-2 inhibitor (nimesulide) and determine lung inflammation and surfactant protein mRNA expression. Pregnant ewes received an IA saline or LPS injection at 118 days of gestation. In study 1, fetal plasma and amniotic fluid were sampled before and at 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 h after injection and then daily, and fetuses were delivered 2 or 7 days later. Amniotic fluid PGE(2) concentrations increased (P <0.05) 12 h and 3-6 days after LPS. Fetal lung PGHS-2 mRNA and PGES mRNA increased 2 (P = 0.0084) and 7 (P = 0.014) days after LPS, respectively. In study 2, maternal intravenous nimesulide or vehicle infusion began immediately before LPS or saline injection and continued until delivery 2 days later. Nimesulide inhibited LPS-induced increases in PGE(2) and decreased fetal lung IL-1beta and IL-8 mRNA (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L664 - L678
Number of pages15
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume302
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Cite this

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title = "Prostaglandins mediate the fetal pulmonary response to intrauterine inflammation",
abstract = "Intra-amniotic (IA) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces intrauterine and fetal lung inflammation and increases lung surfactant and compliance in preterm sheep; however, the mechanisms are unknown. Prostaglandins (PGs) are inflammatory mediators, and PGE(2) has established roles in fetal lung surfactant production. The aim of our first study was to determine PGE(2) concentrations in response to IA LPS and pulmonary gene expression for PG synthetic [prostaglandin H synthase-2 (PGHS-2) and PGE synthase (PGES)] and PG-metabolizing [prostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH)] enzymes and PGE(2) receptors. Our second study aimed to block LPS-induced increases in PGE(2) with a PGHS-2 inhibitor (nimesulide) and determine lung inflammation and surfactant protein mRNA expression. Pregnant ewes received an IA saline or LPS injection at 118 days of gestation. In study 1, fetal plasma and amniotic fluid were sampled before and at 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 h after injection and then daily, and fetuses were delivered 2 or 7 days later. Amniotic fluid PGE(2) concentrations increased (P <0.05) 12 h and 3-6 days after LPS. Fetal lung PGHS-2 mRNA and PGES mRNA increased 2 (P = 0.0084) and 7 (P = 0.014) days after LPS, respectively. In study 2, maternal intravenous nimesulide or vehicle infusion began immediately before LPS or saline injection and continued until delivery 2 days later. Nimesulide inhibited LPS-induced increases in PGE(2) and decreased fetal lung IL-1beta and IL-8 mRNA (P",
author = "Alana Westover and Stuart Hooper and Megan Wallace and Timothy Moss",
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doi = "10.1152/ajplung.00297.2011",
language = "English",
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journal = "American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology",
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Prostaglandins mediate the fetal pulmonary response to intrauterine inflammation. / Westover, Alana; Hooper, Stuart; Wallace, Megan; Moss, Timothy.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Vol. 302, No. 7, 2012, p. L664 - L678.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prostaglandins mediate the fetal pulmonary response to intrauterine inflammation

AU - Westover, Alana

AU - Hooper, Stuart

AU - Wallace, Megan

AU - Moss, Timothy

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Intra-amniotic (IA) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces intrauterine and fetal lung inflammation and increases lung surfactant and compliance in preterm sheep; however, the mechanisms are unknown. Prostaglandins (PGs) are inflammatory mediators, and PGE(2) has established roles in fetal lung surfactant production. The aim of our first study was to determine PGE(2) concentrations in response to IA LPS and pulmonary gene expression for PG synthetic [prostaglandin H synthase-2 (PGHS-2) and PGE synthase (PGES)] and PG-metabolizing [prostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH)] enzymes and PGE(2) receptors. Our second study aimed to block LPS-induced increases in PGE(2) with a PGHS-2 inhibitor (nimesulide) and determine lung inflammation and surfactant protein mRNA expression. Pregnant ewes received an IA saline or LPS injection at 118 days of gestation. In study 1, fetal plasma and amniotic fluid were sampled before and at 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 h after injection and then daily, and fetuses were delivered 2 or 7 days later. Amniotic fluid PGE(2) concentrations increased (P <0.05) 12 h and 3-6 days after LPS. Fetal lung PGHS-2 mRNA and PGES mRNA increased 2 (P = 0.0084) and 7 (P = 0.014) days after LPS, respectively. In study 2, maternal intravenous nimesulide or vehicle infusion began immediately before LPS or saline injection and continued until delivery 2 days later. Nimesulide inhibited LPS-induced increases in PGE(2) and decreased fetal lung IL-1beta and IL-8 mRNA (P

AB - Intra-amniotic (IA) lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces intrauterine and fetal lung inflammation and increases lung surfactant and compliance in preterm sheep; however, the mechanisms are unknown. Prostaglandins (PGs) are inflammatory mediators, and PGE(2) has established roles in fetal lung surfactant production. The aim of our first study was to determine PGE(2) concentrations in response to IA LPS and pulmonary gene expression for PG synthetic [prostaglandin H synthase-2 (PGHS-2) and PGE synthase (PGES)] and PG-metabolizing [prostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH)] enzymes and PGE(2) receptors. Our second study aimed to block LPS-induced increases in PGE(2) with a PGHS-2 inhibitor (nimesulide) and determine lung inflammation and surfactant protein mRNA expression. Pregnant ewes received an IA saline or LPS injection at 118 days of gestation. In study 1, fetal plasma and amniotic fluid were sampled before and at 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 h after injection and then daily, and fetuses were delivered 2 or 7 days later. Amniotic fluid PGE(2) concentrations increased (P <0.05) 12 h and 3-6 days after LPS. Fetal lung PGHS-2 mRNA and PGES mRNA increased 2 (P = 0.0084) and 7 (P = 0.014) days after LPS, respectively. In study 2, maternal intravenous nimesulide or vehicle infusion began immediately before LPS or saline injection and continued until delivery 2 days later. Nimesulide inhibited LPS-induced increases in PGE(2) and decreased fetal lung IL-1beta and IL-8 mRNA (P

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VL - 302

SP - L664 - L678

JO - American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology

SN - 1040-0605

IS - 7

ER -