Prolonged Plasma Exposure of the Kv1.3-Inhibitory Peptide HsTX1[R14A] by Subcutaneous Administration of a Poly(Lactic-co-Glycolic Acid) (PLGA) Microsphere Formulation

Liang Jin, Yijun Pan, Anna C. Pham, Ben J. Boyd, Raymond S. Norton, Joseph A. Nicolazzo

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5 Citations (Scopus)


This study evaluated the impact of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microsphere formulations on in vitro release and in vivo plasma exposure of HsTX1[R14A], a potent inhibitor of the voltage-gated potassium channel Kv1.3, with potential to treat autoimmune conditions. Microspheres containing HsTX1[R14A] were prepared using different PLGA materials, including Resomer® RG502H, RG503H and PURASORB® PDLG 5004 (Purac). After assessing encapsulation efficiency and in vitro release, plasma concentrations of HsTX1[R14A] were quantified by LCMS/MS following subcutaneous administration of HsTX1[R14A]-loaded RG503H microspheres (15 mg/kg) or HsTX1[R14A] solution (4 mg/kg) to Sprague-Dawley rats. Microspheres prepared with Purac exhibited the greatest encapsulation efficiency (45.5 ± 2.4% (mean ± SD)) and RG502H the lowest (22.0 ± 6.4%). Release of HsTX1[R14A] was fastest in vitro for RG502H microspheres (maximum release at 31 days) and slowest for Purac (82 days). With a relatively rapid burst release of 20.0 ± 0.4% and a controlled release profile of up to 41 days, HsTX1[R14A]-loaded RG503H microspheres were selected for subcutaneous administration, resulting in detectable plasma concentrations for 11 days relative to 8 h following subcutaneous administration of HsTX1[R14A] solution. Therefore, subcutaneous administration of RG503H PLGA microspheres is a promising approach to be exploited for delivery of this immune modulator.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1182-1188
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021


  • Controlled release
  • Microspheres
  • Peptide delivery
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)

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