Prognosis of cirrhotic patients admitted to the general ICU

Gaël Piton, Claire Chaignat, Mikhael Giabicani, Jean Paul Cervoni, Fabienne Tamion, Emmanuel Weiss, Catherine Paugam-Burtz, Gilles Capellier, Vincent Di Martino

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Abstract

Background: The prognosis of cirrhotic patients admitted to the ICU is considered to be poor but has been mainly reported in liver ICU. We aimed to describe the prognosis of cirrhotic patients admitted to a general ICU, to assess the predictors of mortality in this population, and, finally, to identify a subgroup of patients in whom intensive care escalation might be discussed. Results: We performed a retrospective monocentric study of all cirrhotic patients consecutively admitted between 2002 and 2014 in a general ICU in a regional university hospital. Two hundred and eighteen cirrhotic patients were admitted to the ICU. The 28-day and 6-month mortality rates were 53 and 74 %, respectively. Among the 115 patients who were discharged from ICU, only eight patients underwent liver transplantation, whereas 48 had no clear contraindication. Multivariable analyses on 28-day mortality identified three independent variables, incorporated into a new three-variable prognostic model as follows: SOFA ≥ 12 (OR 4.2 [2.2–8.0]; 2 points), INR ≥ 2.6 (OR 2.5 [1.3–4.8]; 1 point), and renal replacement therapy (OR 2.3 [1.1–5.1]; 1 point). For a value of the score at 4 (16 % of patients), 28-day and 3-month mortality rates were 91 and 100 %, respectively. An external validation of the score among 149 critically ill cirrhotic patients showed a good accuracy for predicting in-ICU mortality. Conclusions: Mortality of cirrhotic patients admitted to a general ICU was comparable to that of other studies. A pragmatic score integrating the SOFA score, INR, and the need for extrarenal epuration was strongly associated with mortality. Among the 16 % of patients presenting with score 4 at ICU admission, 100 % died in the 3-month follow-up period. The prognostic evaluation on day 3 remains essential for the majority of patients. However, this score calculable at ICU admission might identify patients in whom the benefit of intensive care escalation should be discussed, in particular when liver transplantation is contraindicated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number94
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Intensive Care
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Piton, G., Chaignat, C., Giabicani, M., Cervoni, J. P., Tamion, F., Weiss, E., Paugam-Burtz, C., Capellier, G., & Di Martino, V. (2016). Prognosis of cirrhotic patients admitted to the general ICU. Annals of Intensive Care, 6, [94]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13613-016-0194-9