Production of fucoxanthin-rich fraction (FxRF) from a diatom, Chaetoceros calcitrans (Paulsen) Takano 1968

Su Chern Foo, Fatimah Md Yusoff, Maznah Ismail, Mahiran Basri, Kim Wei Chan, Nicholas M.H. Khong, Sook Kun Yau

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Fucoxanthin is the major carotenoid produced by diatoms and shown to exhibit potent anti-obesity and anti-cancer activities. This study presents a simple protocol for the preparation of fucoxanthin-rich fraction (FxRF) with high antioxidative properties from a selected marine diatom, Chaetoceros calcitrans. Fucoxanthin concentrates were prepared from crude methanolic extract (CME) with liquid-liquid partitioning of three types of solvent systems (i.e. diethyl ether-water, dichloromethane-water and ethyl acetate-water), followed by comparative antioxidant evaluation. Dichloromethane fraction (DCMF) was found to contain significantly higher (p<0.05) level of carotenoid (7.13±0.01mg·g-1DW) and fucoxanthin (5.25±0.03mgFX·g-1DW) contents accompanied with elevated (p<0.05) antioxidant activities (DPPH and ABTS+ radical scavenging, and beta carotene bleaching assays) as compared to other tested fractions. This study showed that FxRF with enhanced antioxidant properties could be effectively produced and concentrated through the DCM-H2O partition of CME.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-32
Number of pages7
JournalAlgal Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Antioxidant activity
  • Carotenoids
  • Chaetoceros calcitrans
  • Fucoxanthin-rich fraction
  • Microalgae

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