Process Optimization, Empirical Modeling and Characterization of Biodiesel from Cottonseed Oil

Umaru Musa, Aboje Audu Alechenu, Ibrahim Aris Mohammed, Aliyu Musa Aliyu, Muhammad Munir Sadiq, Aminat Oladunni Olaibi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (Book)Researchpeer-review

Abstract

The optimization of biodiesel production from a Typical Nigerian cottonseed oil using sodium hydroxide as catalyst is presented. 23 factorial design was employed to study the combined effect of temperature (40–60 °C), mole ratio of methanol to oil (6:1–8:1) and catalyst concentration (0.5–1.0 wt%). The optimum yield of 96.23 wt% was obtained at 0.5% w/v potassium hydroxide at a temperature of 40 °C and Molar ratio of 6:1 for 90 min. A Model equation that shows the relationship between biodiesel yield and process variables was developed using a statistical tool. Statistical Analysis of variance (ANOVA) of the data shows that molar ratio has the most pronounced positive effect on the biodiesel yield. The methyl ester was characterized and all the properties were consistent with the ASTM standard.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransactions on Engineering Technologies
Subtitle of host publicationWorld Congress on Engineering 2014
EditorsGi-Chul Yang, Sio-Iong Ao, Len Gelman
Place of PublicationDordrecht Netherlands
PublisherSpringer
Chapter51
Pages723-737
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9789401798044
ISBN (Print)9789401798037
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes
EventWorld Congress on Engineering 2014 - Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Duration: 2 Jul 20144 Jul 2014
http://www.iaeng.org/WCE2014/

Conference

ConferenceWorld Congress on Engineering 2014
Abbreviated titleWCE 2014
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period2/07/144/07/14
Internet address

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