Probing Electrode Heterogeneity using Fourier-Transformed Alternating Current Voltammetry: Protocol Development

Sze yin Tan, Patrick Robert Unwin, Julie V Macpherson, Jie Zhang, Alan M. Bond

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Fourier-transformed large amplitude alternating current voltammetry (FTACV) provides a sensitive analytical tool for the discrimination of electrode reactions that are complicated by surface heterogeneity. In this paper, it is shown how the FTACV response at a dual-electrode system comprised of different electrode materials having different heterogeneous charge transfer (k0 1 and k0 2) can be resolved into its individual electrode kinetics components without prior knowledge of the electrode size ratio (θ12). This is possible when one process is reversible and the other is quasi-reversible; achievable by careful selection of the FTACV frequency. The applicability of the FTACV method over a wide range of electrode kinetic values and size ratios is considered for conditions under which numerical simulations based on a 1D diffusion model are adequate to describe the mass transport problem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)514-521
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2017


  • Boron-doped diamond electrode
  • Cyclic voltammetry
  • Fourier-transformed large amplitude alternating current voltammetry
  • Heterogeneous electrodes
  • Numerical simulations

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