Probing AKR1C30 and AKR1C31 with site-directed mutagenesis: Identifying the roles of residues 54 and 56 in the binding of substrates and inhibitors

Satoshi Endo, Yuki Arai, Toshiyuki Matsunaga, Akira Ikari, Ossama El-Kabbani, Akira Hara, Yukio Kitade

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Five rabbit aldo-keto reductases (AKRs) that participate in the reduction of drug ketones and endogenous ketosteroids have recently been cloned and characterized. Among them, AKR1C30 and AKR1C31 show the highest amino acid sequence identity of 91 , but markedly differ in their substrate specificity and inhibitor sensitivity. AKR1C30 reduces two drugs (ketotifen and naloxone) and 17-keto-5?-androstanes, whereas AKR1C31 does not reduce the two drugs, but is active towards loxoprofen and various 3/17/20-ketosteroids. In addition, AKR1C30 is selectively inhibited by carbenoxolone, valproic acid and phenobarbital. Residues A54 and R56 are located adjacent to the catalytic residue Y55 of AKR1C30. To clarify the determinants for the substrate specificity and inhibitor sensitivity of AKR1C30, we performed the mutagenesis of A54 and R56 to the corresponding residues (L and Q) of AKR1C31. The A54L mutation produced an enzyme that had almost the same substrate specificity as AKR1C31 and decreased the sensitivity to the inhibitors except for carbenoxolone. The R56Q mutation decreased the affinity for only carbenoxolone among the substrates and inhibitors. Thus, the difference in the properties between the two enzymes can be attributed to their residue difference at positions 54 and 56.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1848 - 1852
Number of pages5
JournalBiological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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