Principles, current status and clinical implications of ischaemic heart disease assessment by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging

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Abstract

Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) has matured into a robust, accurate and highly reproducible imaging modality for the assessment of cardiac function and ischaemic heart disease. The unique physical properties of CMR permit depiction of pathology-specific tissue contrast based on differences in tissue composition, such as myocardial oedema, necrosis and fibrosis. This can be imaged at high spatial resolution allowing characterisation of the acuity of an ischaemic event, the presence and extent of myocardial ischaemia, necrosis and viability. Prognostically important information obtained from CMR evaluation of ischaemic heart disease, such as left ventricular ejection fraction, infarct size and transmurality, infarct location and the presence of intraventricular mechanical dyssynchrony may be used to guide coronary revascularisation, device and medical therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-17
Number of pages11
JournalInternal Medicine Journal
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
  • Microvascular obstruction
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Myocardial oedema

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