Primary sensory afferent innervation of the developing superficial dorsal horn in the South American opossum Monodelphis domestica

Peter D. Kitchener, Elspeth J. Hutton, Graham W. Knott

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Abstract

The development of the primary sensory innervation of the superficial dorsal horn (SDH) was studied in postnatal opossums Monodelphis domestica by using DiI labelling of primary afferents and with GSA-IB4 lectin binding and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) immunoreactivity to label primary afferent subpopulations. We also compared the timing of SDH innervation in the cervical and lumbar regions of the spinal cord. The first primary afferent projections to SDH emerge from the most lateral part of the dorsal root entry zone at postnatal day 5 and project around the lateral edge of the SDH toward lamina V. Innervation of the SDH occurs slowly over the second and third postnatal weeks, with the most dorsal aspect becoming populated by mediolaterally oriented varicose fibers before the rest of the dorsoventral thickness of the SDH becomes innervated by fine branching varicose fibers. Labelling with GSA-IB4 lectin also labelled fibers at the lateral edge of the dorsal horn and SDH at P5, indicating that the GSA-IB4 is expressed on SDH/lamina V primary afferents at the time when they are making their projections into the spinal cord. In contrast, CGRP-immunoreactive afferents were not evident until postnatal day 7, when a few short projections into the lateral dorsal horn were observed. These afferents then followed a pattern similar to the development of GSA-IB4 projects but with a latency of several days. The adult pattern of labelling by GSA-IB4 is achieved by about postnatal day 20, whereas the adult pattern of CGRP labelling was not seen until postnatal day 30. Electron microscopy revealed a few immature synapses in the region of the developing SDH at postnatal day 10, and processes considered to be precursors of glomerular synapses (and thus of primary afferent origin) were first seen at postnatal day 16 and adopted their definitive appearance between postnatal days 28 and 55. Although structural and functional development of forelimbs of neonatal Monodelphis is more advanced than the hindlimbs, we found little evidence of a significant delay in the invasion of the spinal cord by primary afferents in cervical and lumbar regions. These observations, together with the broadly similar maturational appearance of histological sections of rostral and caudal spinal cord, suggest that, unlike the limbs they innervate, the spinal regions do not exhibit a large rostrocaudal gradient in their maturation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-52
Number of pages16
JournalThe Journal of Comparative Neurology
Volume495
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carbocyanine Dye
  • Development
  • Marsupial
  • Sensory afferent
  • Spinal cord
  • Synapse
  • Synaptogenesis

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