Primary care and specialist management options

Lionel Schachna, Geoffrey Littlejohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Fibromyalgia syndrome varies from being a mild intermittent disorder to one that is severe and protracted. Much of the management of the more common milder type is best done at the primary care level with the expectancy of improvement in key symptoms and a generally good prognosis. Careful appraisal of the dimensions of fibromyalgia is needed with an individualized management strategy. Critical to good outcome is the need for an understandable explanation of the mechanism of fibromyalgia and introduction to self-management skills that include exercise and techniques that minimize aberrant responses to psychosocial stressors. The primary care practitioner is well placed to identify risk factors that associate with fibromyalgia in order to minimize emotional distress accompanying illness or psychosocial predicaments. Little formal research has been done on these important areas. In contrast, there is much information on management of fibromyalgia when it presents to specialist practice. More complex and expensive approaches result in variable changes in the outcome of fibromyalgia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469-477
Number of pages9
JournalBailliere's Clinical Rheumatology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999


  • Emotional distress
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Interdisciplinary
  • Management
  • Primary care
  • Psychosocial

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