Prevalence of obstructive sleep apnoea in acute coronary syndrome patients: systematic review and meta-analysis

Michael R. Le Grande, Alison Beauchamp, Andrea Driscoll, Alun Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) has been recognised as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension and cardiovascular events such as acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Since it is also known to reduce exercise tolerance, it is important to establish the prevalence of OSA in ACS patients, particularly in those who are commencing cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs. METHODS: Using PRISMA guidelines a systematic search was conducted in order to identify studies that objectively measured (using polysomnography or portable monitoring) the prevalence of OSA in ACS patients following hospital admission. A data extraction table was used to summarise study characteristics and the quality of studies were independently assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute Prevalence Critical Appraisal Tool. Meta-analysis of the selected studies was conducted in order to estimate OSA prevalence as a function of the two main methods of measurement, the severity of OSA, and timing of the OSA assessment following ACS hospital admission. RESULTS: Pooled prevalence estimates of OSA using the "gold standard" polysomnography ranged from 22% for severe OSA to 70% for mild OSA, at any time after hospital admission. Similar prevalence estimates were obtained using portable monitoring, but interpretation of these results are limited by the significant heterogeneity observed among these studies. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of OSA following ACS is high and likely to be problematic upon patient entry into CR programs. Routine screening for OSA upon program entry may be necessary to optimise effectiveness of CR for these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number147
Number of pages1
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Acute coronary syndrome
  • Obstructive sleep apnoea
  • Prevalence
  • Sleep assessment

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