Prevalence of hangover resistance according to two methods for calculating estimated blood alcohol concentration (eBAC)

Chantal Terpstra, Andrew Scholey, Joris C. Verster, Sarah Benson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Hangover resistance may be linked to an increased risk of continuing harmful drinking behaviours as well as involvement in potentially dangerous daily activities such as driving while hungover, mainly due to the absence of negative consequences (i.e., hangover symptoms) the day after alcohol consumption. The aim of this study was to examine the occurrence of claimed alcohol hangover resistance relative to estimated blood alcohol concentration (eBAC). A total of 1198 participants completed an online survey by answering questions regarding their demographics, alcohol consumption and occurrence of hangover. Two methods were used to calculate eBAC, one based on the modified Widmark Equation (N = 955) and the other from an equation averaging the total body water (TBW) estimates of Forrest, Watson, Seidl, Widmark and Ulrich (males only) (N = 942). The percentage of participants who claimed to be hangover resistant decreased rapidly with increasing eBAC and only a small number of hangover resistant drinkers remained at higher eBACs. Comparisons of the eBACs calculated by the two methods revealed significantly higher BACs when using the modified Widmark equation. These findings suggest that additional research for eBAC calculations is needed to improve accuracy and comprehensiveness of these equations for future alcohol hangover research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2823
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Alcohol
  • BAC
  • Hangover
  • Hangover resistance

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