Prevalence and risk factors associated with alcohol consumption among indigenous people in Sabah Borneo Island

Rusdi Bin Abd Rashid, Mohd Nazri Bin Mohd Daud, Rhanye Mac Guad, Siew Hua Gan, Wan Azlinda Irnee Binti Wan Husin, Nelbon Giloi, Mahmoud Danaee, Mas Ayu Binti Said, Constance Liew Sat Lin , Ramy Bulan, Abdul Marsudi Bin Manah, Azirah Binti Hashim, Taherehbeygom Seghatoleslam, Mohamad Hussain Habil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: In this study, we aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of alcohol use among a cohort of population in Sabah. Design: This is a prospective, cohort study involving rural community residents. Setting: Rural community resident at Bingkor, Keningau, Sabah. Participants: 363 individuals aged 13 years old and above. Intervention: Community-based participatory research to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with alcohol use. Main outcome measures: Measurement of alcohol use using Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and assessment of psychiatric morbidity using Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) questionnaires. Results: Most alcohol drinkers aged between 36-45 years old, followed by 26-35 years old and 46-55 years old. Interestingly, there are almost similar female to male ratio. Most were Kadazan-Dusun ethnic, non-Muslims, and married. Although only less than a third of the participants received tertiary education, the majority were working. Based on the findings, being a male, non-Muslim and having an obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) (current) posed a significantly higher risk of alcohol consumption. Conclusion: A worryingly high prevalence of hazardous alcohol consumption among the locals is reported. There is a need for population-wide intervention towards preventive measures based on the identified risk factors for hazardous alcohol use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-472
Number of pages9
JournalAustralian Journal of Rural Health
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • alcohol
  • Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test
  • indigenous people of Sabah
  • Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview
  • risk factors

Cite this