Prevalence and perceptions toward anabolic-androgenic steroid use amongst university students

Medhi Kargarfard, Ardalan Shariat, Eddie Tak Ching Lam, Brandon S Shaw, Ina Shaw, Afsoon Shariat

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    Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AASs) are highly sought-after in order to achieve muscle growth and better physical attributes. The study was conducted to measure the prevalence and attitudes towards the use of AASs among university
    students. 1008 male students from Isfahan University, Iran, between the ages
    of 18 and 25 years (23.3 ± 1.2 years) completed a questionnaire that investigated participation in bodybuilding, level of sport competition, participation in sports and recreational activities, AASs use, prevalence, knowledge among users, attitudes, as well as intent to continue using AASs in the future. 8% of respondents had used AASs and 6% currently use AASs. 71% of users believed using only a small amount of AASs or using AASs with anti-toxic drugs would not result in any harm, 10% indicated that AASs were harmless and 19% admitted to taking AASs despite knowing the adverse effects. 33% of respondents believed that they needed to use AASs to ensure athletic success and 26% believed that athletes should be allowed to use AASs without consequence. The prevalent use of AASs is a public health concern which implies that educational programmes at university level are needed to educate students about the adverse effects of AASs use.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)61-67
    Number of pages7
    JournalActa Medica Bulgarica
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2015


    • attitude
    • drug abuse
    • prevalence
    • steroids
    • students

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