Prevalence and distribution of unintended pregnancy

The understanding fertility management in Australia national survey

Heather Rowe, Sara Holton, Maggie Kirkman, Christine Bayly, Lynne Jordan, Kathleen McNamee, John McBain, Vikki Sinnott, Jane Fisher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:
Mistimed, unexpected or unwanted pregnancies occur in Australia, despite widespread contraception use. The objective was to estimate prevalence and ascertain modifiable social factors for prevention of unintended pregnancy.
METHODS:
National population-based survey of women and men aged 18-51 years recruited from a random sample of electors on the Australian Electoral Roll in 2013. Data were weighted to reduce non-response bias. Factors associated with unintended pregnancy were identified in multivariable analyses.
RESULTS:
Data from 2,235 completed questionnaires were analysed (Women: 69%; Men: 31%). Of those ever pregnant or partner in pregnancy (59%), 40% had experienced an unintended pregnancy. Adjusting for other risks, ever having experienced sexual coercion (AOR, 95%CI=Women 1.948; 1.458-2.601; Men 1.657, 1.014-2.708); socioeconomic disadvantage (AOR, 95%CI=Women 1.808, 1.373, 2.381; Men 1.360, 1.004-1.841), living in a rural area (AOR, 95%CI=Women 1.403, 1.056-1.864; Men 1.583, 1.161-2.159), and for men being born overseas (AOR, 95%CI 1.989, 1.317-3.002) were significantly associated with unintended pregnancy.
CONCLUSIONS:
Experiences of sexual coercion, social disadvantage, rural residence and overseas birth are independently associated with unintended pregnancy in Australia.
IMPLICATIONS:
Public health policy and health service initiatives should prioritise prevention of sexual coercion, reduction of social inequality and reduction of geographic inequality for those in rural areas.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-109
Number of pages6
JournalAustralian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • unintended pregnancy
  • Australia
  • prevention

Cite this

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title = "Prevalence and distribution of unintended pregnancy: The understanding fertility management in Australia national survey",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE:Mistimed, unexpected or unwanted pregnancies occur in Australia, despite widespread contraception use. The objective was to estimate prevalence and ascertain modifiable social factors for prevention of unintended pregnancy.METHODS:National population-based survey of women and men aged 18-51 years recruited from a random sample of electors on the Australian Electoral Roll in 2013. Data were weighted to reduce non-response bias. Factors associated with unintended pregnancy were identified in multivariable analyses.RESULTS:Data from 2,235 completed questionnaires were analysed (Women: 69{\%}; Men: 31{\%}). Of those ever pregnant or partner in pregnancy (59{\%}), 40{\%} had experienced an unintended pregnancy. Adjusting for other risks, ever having experienced sexual coercion (AOR, 95{\%}CI=Women 1.948; 1.458-2.601; Men 1.657, 1.014-2.708); socioeconomic disadvantage (AOR, 95{\%}CI=Women 1.808, 1.373, 2.381; Men 1.360, 1.004-1.841), living in a rural area (AOR, 95{\%}CI=Women 1.403, 1.056-1.864; Men 1.583, 1.161-2.159), and for men being born overseas (AOR, 95{\%}CI 1.989, 1.317-3.002) were significantly associated with unintended pregnancy.CONCLUSIONS:Experiences of sexual coercion, social disadvantage, rural residence and overseas birth are independently associated with unintended pregnancy in Australia.IMPLICATIONS:Public health policy and health service initiatives should prioritise prevention of sexual coercion, reduction of social inequality and reduction of geographic inequality for those in rural areas.",
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author = "Heather Rowe and Sara Holton and Maggie Kirkman and Christine Bayly and Lynne Jordan and Kathleen McNamee and John McBain and Vikki Sinnott and Jane Fisher",
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Prevalence and distribution of unintended pregnancy : The understanding fertility management in Australia national survey. / Rowe, Heather; Holton, Sara; Kirkman, Maggie; Bayly, Christine; Jordan, Lynne; McNamee, Kathleen; McBain, John; Sinnott, Vikki; Fisher, Jane.

In: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, Vol. 40, No. 2, 2016, p. 104-109.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence and distribution of unintended pregnancy

T2 - The understanding fertility management in Australia national survey

AU - Rowe, Heather

AU - Holton, Sara

AU - Kirkman, Maggie

AU - Bayly, Christine

AU - Jordan, Lynne

AU - McNamee, Kathleen

AU - McBain, John

AU - Sinnott, Vikki

AU - Fisher, Jane

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - OBJECTIVE:Mistimed, unexpected or unwanted pregnancies occur in Australia, despite widespread contraception use. The objective was to estimate prevalence and ascertain modifiable social factors for prevention of unintended pregnancy.METHODS:National population-based survey of women and men aged 18-51 years recruited from a random sample of electors on the Australian Electoral Roll in 2013. Data were weighted to reduce non-response bias. Factors associated with unintended pregnancy were identified in multivariable analyses.RESULTS:Data from 2,235 completed questionnaires were analysed (Women: 69%; Men: 31%). Of those ever pregnant or partner in pregnancy (59%), 40% had experienced an unintended pregnancy. Adjusting for other risks, ever having experienced sexual coercion (AOR, 95%CI=Women 1.948; 1.458-2.601; Men 1.657, 1.014-2.708); socioeconomic disadvantage (AOR, 95%CI=Women 1.808, 1.373, 2.381; Men 1.360, 1.004-1.841), living in a rural area (AOR, 95%CI=Women 1.403, 1.056-1.864; Men 1.583, 1.161-2.159), and for men being born overseas (AOR, 95%CI 1.989, 1.317-3.002) were significantly associated with unintended pregnancy.CONCLUSIONS:Experiences of sexual coercion, social disadvantage, rural residence and overseas birth are independently associated with unintended pregnancy in Australia.IMPLICATIONS:Public health policy and health service initiatives should prioritise prevention of sexual coercion, reduction of social inequality and reduction of geographic inequality for those in rural areas.

AB - OBJECTIVE:Mistimed, unexpected or unwanted pregnancies occur in Australia, despite widespread contraception use. The objective was to estimate prevalence and ascertain modifiable social factors for prevention of unintended pregnancy.METHODS:National population-based survey of women and men aged 18-51 years recruited from a random sample of electors on the Australian Electoral Roll in 2013. Data were weighted to reduce non-response bias. Factors associated with unintended pregnancy were identified in multivariable analyses.RESULTS:Data from 2,235 completed questionnaires were analysed (Women: 69%; Men: 31%). Of those ever pregnant or partner in pregnancy (59%), 40% had experienced an unintended pregnancy. Adjusting for other risks, ever having experienced sexual coercion (AOR, 95%CI=Women 1.948; 1.458-2.601; Men 1.657, 1.014-2.708); socioeconomic disadvantage (AOR, 95%CI=Women 1.808, 1.373, 2.381; Men 1.360, 1.004-1.841), living in a rural area (AOR, 95%CI=Women 1.403, 1.056-1.864; Men 1.583, 1.161-2.159), and for men being born overseas (AOR, 95%CI 1.989, 1.317-3.002) were significantly associated with unintended pregnancy.CONCLUSIONS:Experiences of sexual coercion, social disadvantage, rural residence and overseas birth are independently associated with unintended pregnancy in Australia.IMPLICATIONS:Public health policy and health service initiatives should prioritise prevention of sexual coercion, reduction of social inequality and reduction of geographic inequality for those in rural areas.

KW - unintended pregnancy

KW - Australia

KW - prevention

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DO - 10.1111/1753-6405.12461

M3 - Article

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SP - 104

EP - 109

JO - Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health

JF - Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health

SN - 1753-6405

IS - 2

ER -