Prevalence and distribution of functional splenic tissue after splenectomy

Sarah Luu, James Sheldon, Claire Dendle, Samar Ojaimi, Penelope Jones, Ian Woolley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Individuals splenectomised for trauma have lower infection rates than those splenectomised for other conditions. Residual functional splenic tissue (FST) after splenectomy may provide ongoing immunological protection. Aims: To quantify the prevalence and volume of residual FST post-splenectomy using standard testing. Methods: Splenectomised adults were recruited from the Spleen Australia clinical registry. Eligible individuals had been splenectomised at least 1 year prior to their visit and resided in Victoria. Splenic function was identified by evaluating Howell–Jolly bodies and IgM memory B cells. A 99m-Technetium-labelled, heat-denatured erythrocyte scintigraphic scan was performed if splenic function was detected. Results: Initially, 75 splenectomised individuals (all cause) were recruited, with a median of 58 years of age and who were splenectomised a median of 14 years previously. The most common indications for splenectomy were trauma (30.7%) and haematological disease (28.0%). Scintigraphy identified FST in nine individuals (12.0%). Eight had been splenectomised for trauma. In this cohort, 34.8% of individuals splenectomised for trauma had residual FST. To explore our findings further, 45 additional individuals were recruited, predominately individuals splenectomised for trauma. Twenty-five individuals completed assessments by December 2018. An additional 11 individuals had FST, of whom 9 had been splenectomised for trauma. Overall, we identified 20 individuals with residual FST. Volumes ranged from 2.2 to 216.0 cc. We saw individuals with accessory spleens and splenotic nodules and an individual with both. Seventeen individuals had been splenectomised for trauma. Conclusions: Residual FST is commonly seen in individuals splenectomised for trauma. It can present in varying distributions and of varying volume. The clinical significance is unclear.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)556-564
Number of pages9
JournalInternal Medicine Journal
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020

Keywords

  • accessory spleen
  • asplenia
  • OPSI
  • splenectomy
  • splenic function
  • splenosis

Cite this