Prevalence and correlates of prehypertension among adults in urban South India

Prasanna Mithra Parthaje, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, Kavumpurathu Raman Thankappan, R. E.K.H.A. Thapar, Quek Kia Fatt, Brian Oldenburg

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    14 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Prehypertension is one of the most common conditions affecting human beings worldwide. It is associated with several complications including hypertension. The blood pressure between normal and hypertension is prehypertension as per the Seventh Report Joint National Committee (JNC-7) classification. The current study was done to measure the magnitude of prehypertension and to study their sociodemographic correlates in the urban field practice area of Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India, among 624 people aged ‰20 years. The measurements of blood pressure were done (JNC 7 criteria) with the anthropometric measurements and lifestyle factors. Data analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 16. Adjusted odds ratios were calculated. Overall, 55% subjects had prehypertension and 30% had hypertension. Prehypertension was higher among males. Those from the higher age groups, those from upper socioeconomic status, obese individuals, and those with lesser physical activity had significantly higher association with prehypertension, and it was least among those who never used tobacco and alcohol.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)93S-101S
    Number of pages9
    JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
    Volume28
    Issue number1S
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

    Keywords

    • hypertension
    • India
    • lifestyle
    • noncommunicable diseases
    • prehypertension
    • prevalence

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