Prevalence and associations of larger burden of intra-anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions at baseline in an Australian cohort of gay and bisexual men: The Study of the Prevention of Anal Cancer

D. J. Templeton, C. Williamson, F. Jin, R. J. Hillman, J. M. Roberts, C. Law, C. K. Fairley, S. M. Garland, A. E. Grulich, I. M. Poynten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Objectives: To investigate factors associated with larger burden of intra-anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) in a natural history study of HSIL. Methods: 617 gay and bisexual men (GBM) attended a baseline visit. High-resolution anoscopy-directed biopsy was performed of suspected HSIL. GBM with biopsy-confirmed HSIL (bHSIL) affecting a single-octant were compared with those who had bHSIL affecting a larger area. Results: Of 196 men with bHSIL at baseline, 73 (37.2 %) had larger bHSIL burden. Larger burden was independently associated with anal HPV16 detection (aOR 2.06, 95 % CI 1.09–3.89, p = 0.026) and infection with a greater number of high-risk HPV types (aOR per type increase 1.25, 95 % CI 1.05–1.49, p-trend = 0.010). Conclusion: The observation that men with a larger burden of HSIL also had more risk factors for anal cancer suggests this group may warrant closer observation to ensure earlier detection, and thus improved prognosis, of individuals whose HSIL may progress to anal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101661
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Epidemiology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Anal canal
  • Homosexuality
  • HPV
  • Male
  • Precancerous conditions
  • Tumor burden

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