Presynaptic control of striatal glutamatergic neurotransmission by adenosine A1-A2A receptor heteromers

Francisco Ciruela, Vicent Casado, Ricardo Rodrigues, Rafael Lujan, Javier Burgueno, Meritxell Canals, Janusz Borycz, Nelson Rebola, Steven Goldberg, Josefa Mallol, Antonio Cortes, Enric Canela, Juan Lopez-Gimenez, Graeme Milligan, Carme Lluis, Rodrigo Cunha, Sergi Ferre, Rafael Franco

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The functional role of heteromers of G-protein-coupled receptors is a matter of debate. In the present study, we demonstrate that heteromerization of adenosine A1 receptors (A1Rs) and A2A receptors (A2ARs) allows adenosine to exert a fine-tuning modulation of glutamatergic neurotransmission. By means of coimmunoprecipitation, bioluminescence and time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer techniques, we showed the existence of A1RA2AR heteromers in the cell surface of cotransfected cells. Immunogold detection and coimmunoprecipitation experiments indicated that A1R and A2AR are colocalized in the same striatal glutamatergic nerve terminals. Radioligand-binding experiments in cotransfected cells and rat striatum showed that a main biochemical characteristic of the A1RA2AR heteromer is the ability of A2AR activation to reduce the affinity of the A1R for agonists. This provides a switch mechanism by which low and high concentrations of adenosine inhibit and stimulate, respectively, glutamate release. Furthermore, it is also shown that A1RA2AR heteromers constitute a unique target for caffeine and that chronic caffeine treatment leads to modifications in the function of the A1RA2AR heteromer that could underlie the strong tolerance to the psychomotor effects of caffeine.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2080 - 2087
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Cite this

Ciruela, F., Casado, V., Rodrigues, R., Lujan, R., Burgueno, J., Canals, M., Borycz, J., Rebola, N., Goldberg, S., Mallol, J., Cortes, A., Canela, E., Lopez-Gimenez, J., Milligan, G., Lluis, C., Cunha, R., Ferre, S., & Franco, R. (2006). Presynaptic control of striatal glutamatergic neurotransmission by adenosine A1-A2A receptor heteromers. Journal of Neuroscience, 26(7), 2080 - 2087.