Pressure reconstruction by eliminating the demand effect of spontaneous respiration (PREDATOR) method for assessing respiratory mechanics of reverse-triggered breathing cycles

Daniel P. Redmond, Vincent Major, Simon Corbett, Daniel Glassenbury, Alex Beatson, Akos Szlavecz, Yeong Shiong Chiew, Geoffrey M. Shaw, J. Geoffrey Chase

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOther

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Patient-specific respiratory mechanics can be used to guide mechanical ventilation therapy. However, even in controlled ventilation modes, underlying respiratory mechanics can be masked by spontaneous breathing efforts. The aim of this study is to accurately assess respiratory mechanics for breathing cycles affected by these spontaneous breathing efforts. Methods: A pressure reconstruction by eliminating the demand effect of spontaneous respiration (PREDATOR) method is used to reconstruct pressure profiles to assess underlying respiratory mechanics (breath specific elastance and resistance). The method is tested on both simulated and clinical data comprising n=264 breaths. Results: Using simulated data, the standard deviation of identified elastance (σ=0.168) and resistance (σ=0.053) are both significantly smaller using PREDATOR (σ=1.009 and σ=0.348) (p<0.05 for both) compared to standard methods. Variability in identified elastance is significantly decreased in clinical data tested (p<0.05). Median [IQR] of the robust coefficient of variation in elastance for each pressure level using PREDATOR is 0.0518 [0.0278-0.0668] compared to 0.1211 [0.0854-0.1783] of the standard algorithm. Conclusions: The PREDATOR method provides a more accurate respiratory mechanics identification in the presence of spontaneous breathing. It provides the opportunity to use respiratory mechanics to guide mechanical ventilation therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIECBES 2014, Conference Proceedings - 2014 IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences
Subtitle of host publication"Miri, Where Engineering in Medicine and Biology and Humanity Meet"
PublisherIEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages332-337
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781479940844
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
EventIEEE-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences (IECBES) 2014 - University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 8 Dec 201410 Dec 2014
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/conhome/7033073/proceeding (Proceedings)

Conference

ConferenceIEEE-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences (IECBES) 2014
Abbreviated titleIECBES 2014
Country/TerritoryMalaysia
CityKuala Lumpur
Period8/12/1410/12/14
Internet address

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