Preparation of tetragonal barium titanate nanopowders by microwave solid-state synthesis

Haoyu Qian, Guisheng Zhu, Huarui Xu, Xiuyun Zhang, Yunyun Zhao, Dongliang Yan, Xianyong Hong, Yin Han, Zhenxiao Fu, Shiwo Ta, Aibing Yu

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Tetragonal-phase BaTiO3 powders of particle size 370 nm were synthesized by microwave sintering at 850 °C. The raw materials were BaCO3, TiO2, and alanine. SiC microspheres were used as microwave conductors. The effects of the holding time, sintering aids, and SiC addition on the preparation of BaTiO3 were investigated. The results indicate that the addition of SiC as a microwave acceptor leads to formation of microwave micro-regions. This enables uniform heating of the raw materials and decreases the calcination temperature needed to obtain BaTiO3. Alanine coordinates with Ba, and this loosens the metal–CO3 bond and promotes separation of CO2, decreases the BaCO3 decomposition temperature, and provides a higher nucleation site density. It gives an idea about the microwave solid-state synthesis of BaTiO3 powder.

Original languageEnglish
Article number294
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 26 Mar 2020


  • Alanine
  • BaTiO
  • Microwave micro-region sintering
  • SiC
  • Tetragonal

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