Preparation of mesoporous carbons using acid- and alkali-treated zeolite X as the template

Chongqing Wang, Chunxiang Yan, Jianfeng Yao, Lixiong Zhang, Nanping Xu, Xiaoqin Liu

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Mesoporous carbons were synthesized by using acid- and alkali-treated zeolite X as the template through vapor-deposition polymerization (VDP). The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, nitrogen adsorptiona??desorption, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and adsorption of methylene blue (MB). Zeolite X treated with alkali had increases of both the mesopore volume and the surface area, while that treated with acid only had a small increase of the surface area. The resulting carbons prepared at a VDP temperature of 130 A?C for 2 h by using alkali- and acid-treated zeolite X as the template had surface areas of 936 and 764 m2 ga??1, and mesopore volumes of 1.52 and 1.12 cm3 ga??1, respectively. Both of the surface areas and the mesopore volumes of the carbons decreased with the increase or prolongation of the VDP temperature. The carbons showed high equilibrium adsorption amounts of MB with the highest value of 360 mg ga??1.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)699 - 705
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Porous Materials
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

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