Preparation and characterization of phosphoric acid composite membrane by radiation induced grafting of 4-vinylpyridine onto poly(ethylene-co- tetrafluoroethylene) followed by phosphoric acid doping

Mohamed Mahmoud Nasef, Ezzatollah Shamsaei, Hamdani Saidi, Arshad Ahmad, Khairul Zaman Mohd Dahlan

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23 Citations (Scopus)


Preparation of phosphoric acid composite membranes by radiation induced grafting of 4-vinylpyridine (4-VP) onto electron beam irradiated poly(ethylene-co-tetrafluoroethylene) film followed by phosphoric acid doping was investigated. The effect of grafting parameters (monomer concentration, absorbed dose, reaction time, and temperature) on the degree of grafting (G%) in the membrane precursor and its relation with the amount of acid doped was studied. The proton conductivity of the obtained membranes was evaluated in correlation with G% and temperature using ac impedance. Fourier transform infrared, thermal gravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction, and universal mechanical tester were used to investigate chemical composition, thermal resistance, structure, and mechanical properties of the membranes, respectively. The membranes of 34 and 49% recorded high proton conductivity in the magnitude of 10-2 S cm-1 without humidification. The membranes were also found to have reasonable mechanical integrity together with thermal stability up to 160°C. The obtained membranes are suggested to be less-water dependent and have potential for testing in high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-557
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • 4-vinylpyridine
  • ETFE film
  • high temperature PEM fuel cell
  • phosphoric acid doping
  • radiation induced grafting

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