Preparation and characterisation of multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)/polymer nanostructured materials

Kristina T. Constantopoulos, Cameron J. Shearer, Joseph G. Shapter, Nicolas H. Voelcker, Amanda V. Ellis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperOtherpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Here, we report on a novel method of incorporating carbon nanotubes into a polymer matrix by using carbon nanotubes as a chain transfer agent (CTA) in Reversible Addition-Fragmentation chain Transfer (RAFT) polymerisations. The dithioester RAFT agents were covalently linked to multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) via a method, which involved the reaction of acyl halide MWCNTs with a magnesium chloride dithiopropanoate salt. Polystyrene (PSt) was subsequently grafted from the MWCNT surface via the core-first technique, which implies an outward growth of polymer chains from the core, using the R-group approach. The structure and morphology of the hybrid nanomaterials were investigated using FTIR, NMR, thrmogravimetric analysis (TGA) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniques. The results showed that the MWCNT chain transfer agent could be successfully used to mediate the growth of polystyrene polymer from the MWCNT surface via the living radical polymerisation approach.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings
Volume7267
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2008
Externally publishedYes
EventSmart Materials V - Melbourne, VIC, Australia
Duration: 10 Dec 200812 Dec 2008

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
PublisherSPIE
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Conference

ConferenceSmart Materials V
CountryAustralia
CityMelbourne, VIC
Period10/12/0812/12/08

Keywords

  • Polystyrene
  • RAFT
  • Reversible addition chain fragmentation polymerisation

Cite this