Predictors of Paravalvular Regurgitation After Implantation of the Fully Repositionable and Retrievable Lotus Transcatheter Aortic Valve (from the REPRISE II Trial Extended Cohort)

Daniel J Blackman, Ian T. Meredith, Nicolas Dumonteil, Didier Tchétché, David Hildick-Smith, Mark S. Spence, Darren L Walters, Jan Harnek, Stephen G. Worthley, Gilles Rioufol, Thierry Lefèvre, Vicki M. Houle, Dominic J Allocco, Keith D Dawkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Paravalvular leak (PVL) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement is associated with worse long-term outcomes. The Lotus Valve incorporates an innovative Adaptive Seal designed to minimize PVL. This analysis evaluated the incidence and predictors of PVL after implantation of the Lotus transcatheter aortic valve. The REPRISE II (REpositionable Percutaneous Replacement of Stenotic Aortic Valve through Implantation of Lotus Valve System – Evaluation of Safety and Performance) Study With Extended Cohort enrolled 250 high-surgical risk patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. Aortic regurgitation was assessed by echocardiography pre-procedure, at discharge and 30 days, by an independent core laboratory. Baseline and procedural predictors of mild or greater PVL at 30 days (or at discharge if 30-day data were not available) were determined using a multivariate regression model (n = 229). Of the 229 patients, 197 (86%) had no/trace PVL, 30 had mild, and 2 had moderate PVL; no patient had severe PVL. Significant predictors of mild/moderate PVL included device:annulus area ratio (odds ratio [OR] 0.87; 95% CI 0.83 to 0.92; p <0.001), left ventricular outflow tract calcium volume (OR 2.85; 95% CI 1.44 to 5.63; p = 0.003), and annulus area (OR 0.89; 95% CI 0.82 to 0.96; p = 0.002). When the device:annulus area ratio was <1, the rate of mild/moderate PVL was 53.1% (17 of 32). The rates of mild/moderate PVL with 0% to 5%, 5% to 10%, and >10% annular oversizing by area were 17.5% (11 of 63), 2.9% (2 of 70), and 3.2% (2 of 63), respectively. Significant independent predictors of PVL included device:annulus area ratio and left ventricular outflow tract calcium volume. When the prosthetic valve was oversized by ≥5%, the rate of mild or greater PVL was only 3%. In conclusion, the overall rates of PVL with the Lotus Valve are low and predominantly related to device/annulus areas and calcium; these findings have implications for optimal device sizing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-299
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume120
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2017

Cite this