Predictors of death and new disability after critical illness: a multicentre prospective cohort study

A. M. Higgins, A. Serpa Neto, M. Bailey, J. Barrett, R. Bellomo, D. J. Cooper, B. J. Gabbe, N. Linke, P. S. Myles, M. Paton, S. Philpot, M. Shulman, M. Young, C. L. Hodgson, on behalf of the PREDICT Study Investigators

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Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and predictors of death or new disability following critical illness. Methods: Prospective, multicentre cohort study conducted in six metropolitan intensive care units (ICU). Participants were adults admitted to the ICU who received more than 24 h of mechanical ventilation. The primary outcome was death or new disability at 6 months, with new disability defined by a 10% increase in the WHODAS 2.0. Results: Of 628 patients with the primary outcome available (median age of 62 [49–71] years, 379 [61.0%] had a medical admission and 370 (58.9%) died or developed new disability by 6 months. Independent predictors of death or new disability included age [OR 1.02 (1.01–1.03), P = 0.001], higher severity of illness (APACHE III) [OR 1.02 (1.01–1.03), P < 0.001] and admission diagnosis. Compared to patients with a surgical admission diagnosis, patients with a cardiac arrest [OR (95% CI) 4.06 (1.89–8.68), P < 0.001], sepsis [OR (95% CI) 2.43 (1.32–4.47), P = 0.004], or trauma [OR (95% CI) 6.24 (3.07–12.71), P < 0.001] diagnosis had higher odds of death or new disability, while patients with a lung transplant [OR (95% CI) 0.21 (0.07–0.58), P = 0.003] diagnosis had lower odds. A model including these three variables had good calibration (Brier score 0.20) and acceptable discriminative power with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.76 (95% CI 0.72–0.80). Conclusion: Less than half of all patients mechanically ventilated for more than 24 h were alive and free of new disability at 6 months after admission to ICU. A model including age, illness severity and admission diagnosis has acceptable discriminative ability to predict death or new disability at 6 months.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)772-781
Number of pages10
JournalIntensive Care Medicine
Volume47
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Disability
  • Intensive care
  • Mechanical ventilation
  • Outcome prediction
  • Recovery

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