Prediction of tumour tissue diffusion coefficients of hypoxia-activated prodrugs from physicochemical parameters

Frederik B Pruijn, Kashyap Patel, Michael P Hay, William Robert Wilson, Kevin O Hicks

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32 Citations (Scopus)


The therapeutic activity of anticancer agents depends critically on their ability to penetrate through tumour tissue to reach their target cells, a requirement that is especially important for hypoxia-activated prodrugs. Here we use multicellular layers (MCL) grown in vitro from HT29 colon carcinoma cells to measure tissue diffusion coefficients (Dmcl) of 67 structurally diverse benzotriazine di-N-oxides (analogues of the hypoxia-activated prodrug tirapazamine) plus four miscellaneous compounds. An algorithm was developed to predict Dmcl from physicochemical parameters (molecular weight, octanol/water partition coefficient at pH 7.4, number of hydrogen bond donors and acceptors); the fitted multivariate relationship had an explained variance (R2) of 0.907 and predictive power (Q2) of 0.879. Using a subset of nine compounds tested as a single cassette, the algorithm was shown to apply, with some adjustment of coefficients, to MCLs from three other tumour cell lines with differing cell packing densities (SiHa, HCT8-Ea, and HCT8-Ra). The demonstrated relationships provide tools for optimizing extravascular transport of anticancer agents during lead optimization.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687 - 693
Number of pages7
JournalAustralian Journal of Chemistry
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

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