Prediction of minimum spouting velocity of spouted bed by CFD-TFM: Scale-up

Wenqi Zhong, Xuejiao Liu, John R. Grace, Norman Epstein, Bing Ren, Baosheng Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Numerical simulations based on a three-dimensional (3D) Eulerian-Eulerian multiphase model (two-fluid model, TFM) were carried out to study the minimum spouting velocities of scaled up spouted beds. The spouted bed with a diameter of 0.152m from the experiments of He et al. was scaled up by factors from 2 to 8, resulting in diameters from 0.304 to 1.216m. The effects of the static bed height, particle diameter, particle density and fluid inlet diameter on the minimum spouting velocity in different size beds were numerically investigated. A new empirical correlation is proposed for predicting the minimum spouting velocity in both small and large beds. 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1809-1814
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian Journal of Chemical Engineering
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Spouted bed
  • Scale‐up
  • Minimum spouting velocity
  • CFD

Cite this