Predicting marathon time using exhaustive graded exercise test in marathon runners

Eloise S. Till, Stuart A. Armstrong, Greg Harris, Stephen Maloney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The study aimed to investigate the correlation between time on a treadmill test and exhaustion 2 weeks before a road marathon and the subsequent road marathon performance time (MPT). The study recruited 59 runners entered in the Melbourne 2012 marathon, Canberra 2013 marathon, and Gold Coast 2013 marathon. Forty runners completed both the graded exercise treadmill test to exhaustion and the 42.2 km marathon. Nineteen participants dropped out of the study due to illness, injury, or did not begin the treadmill test. A statistically significant correlation was found between treadmill time and MPT (adjusted R 2 0.447). Sex, weekly running duration (t-1.58, p 0.12), years of running (t 1.10, p 0.28), and age (t 0.94, p 0.36) did not statistically correlate with MPT. The relationship between the graded exercise test and MPT can be used to predict MPT using y-3.85x + 351.57, where y is MPT and x is treadmill time. This is a simple, accessible, and cost-effective method to aid athletes in predicting their race time over 42.2 km. Prediction of marathon time in a simple and accessible manner was believed to be useful to the growing population of marathon runners around the world.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)512-517
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016


  • athletic performance
  • forecasting
  • physical endurance
  • running

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